Control methods vs. Legislation (5)

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Stray dogs - Control methods vs. Legislation

Managing methods:


  1. Dogs
  • Generate a general awareness amongst all dog owners in the community about their responsibility in keeping a dog but also their responsibility towards all other humans in the same community.
  • Encourage residents of the community to minimize the amount of dogs to one per household.
  • Encourage residents to castrate and fixed their dogs.
  • A wandering dog is an unhappy dog with both his home and his owner, scavenging for food; this is the perfect recipe for havoc amongst livestock.
  • If you can’t feed them don’t keep them.
  • They should be loved, trained, supervised and correctly fed to prevent them from becoming wanderers and problem animals.
  • Strive to encourage dog owners to collar all dogs with an identification tag (Owners phone number) to return all lost dogs but also to indentified owners whose dogs caused losses amongst livestock.
  • Dogs should be enclosed at night and not allowed to wander.

    Control and management of Stray dogs

  • It is best to involve the SAPS and SPCA to manage any problem with stray dogs.
  • Always try to identify and inform the owners before any lethal or non lethal management strategies are applied. It is seldom one dog responsible for killing livestock, normally it would be a large specie (Ridgeback) accompanied by a smaller specie like a terrier type of dog.(Jack Russell) Stray dogs normally hunt in packs of two and larger, therefore multiple owners also involved.
  • The use of a professional hunter that is making use of the call and shoot method to eliminate the problematic stray dogs could be used.
  • Stray dogs that persistently caused damage can be caught in cage traps.
  1. Livestock
  • Keeping livestock in an enclosure (Kraaling) at night close to human presence.
  • The size of the enclosure must fit the amount of animals it is keeping. (Too big enclosure, animals will run and injure them against the enclosure when frightened, to small may result in animals trembling each other to death when frightened.)
  • Important that the main objective of kraaling is not solely to prevent livestock from escaping but the main idea is to keep livestock save from any form of predation, therefore the original plan and material used to build the kraal must be done in such a way that it rather keep unwanted animals (Dogs) out of the kraal and away from the livestock.
  • Entrances in and out of the kraal must be fitted with gates with a 100% fitment, not allowing any animals like small dogs entering the enclosure.
  • Solid structure underneath the gate, (stones, cement slab) preventing animals from digging.
  • Predators especially dog like families like to dig through underneath the enclosure, therefore the fitment of an anti crawler like a piece of netting laying flat on the ground on the outside and alongside the sides of the enclosure packed with stones is indispensable.
  • The height of the enclosure must also be high enough to prevent bigger animals from jumping in. If it is found that animals are jumping over the sides of the enclosure a piece of netting (500 mm fitted at 45 degree angle to the outside) could be additionally fitted as an anti climber.
  • Fitment of deterring equipment like bells on animals in enclosure so scare away unwanted predators and also wakening owners.
  • Fitment of Farm Ranger collars to call owners on cell phone when sudden unnatural movement of livestock is noticed.
  • Human herding during day time.
  • Electric fencing
  • Jackal proof fencing


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Illegal hunting with dogs


Agri SA’s Rural Safety Committee recently spent considerable time discussing the problem of illegal hunting with dogs.  Although this is a growing problem, land owners should take extreme care in their actions that could make them liable for prosecution:

The following practical guidelines were compiled:

  • Gathering of evidence and protecting the crime scene by:
  • Keeping evidence of the crime scene uncontaminated until recorded and collected by police, e.g. vehicle tracks, suspect and animal spoor.
  • Ensuring that there are no further suspects in the area.
  • Protecting evidence that may be destroyed.
  • Entry point, open gate, damage fence.
  • No eating, drinking or smoking at the crime scene.
  • Gathering names and addresses of possible witnesses.
  • Not discussing facts with witnesses.
  • Making notes on position of vehicles, suspects, dogs, gates, fences etc.
  • Where possible, take photographs of vehicles, dogs and suspects.
  • Nature Conservation Organisations should immediately be involved and to assist with complaints with illegal hunting.
  • Get the nearest SPCA involved who can also deal with the confiscation of dogs.
  • Farmer Associations should involve the local National Prosecuting Authority at their meetings, where assistance on how to deal with issues of illegal hunting should be discussed.
  • Get involved with the local police and Sector Community Policing Forum.
  • Utilise the Local Priority Committee to develop action plans to deal with the problem, such as patrols and increase awareness programmes.
  • In the event of damages caused by dogs, land owners must also open a case of malicious damage to property and insists on a compensatory fine declaring the value of the property.
  • If hunting was previously permitted and the land owner now wishes to cease hunting, a legal procedure should be followed to inform neighbours, tenants, community members etc that it will no longer be permitted.

Click here for the full English report.

Click here for the full Afrikaans report.

Article appeared in Farmers Weekly

Article appeared in Landbouweekblad

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Rondloperdiere in Munisipale areas

Port Alfred en Alexandria in die Ooskaap was in die middel van ‘n hofgeding nadat ‘n suksesvolle hofbevel teen die Ndlambe Munisipaliteit, die Munisipale Bestuurder en die Uitvoerende Burgemeester verkry is om regulasies t.o.v. die aanhouding van diere binne woongebiede van die Munisipaliteit en op munisipale meentgrond en oop ruimtes, af te dwing.  Herhaalde versoeke oor baie jare oor die onbeheerste instroming van diere in residensiële gebiede wat tot ‘n verhoogde risiko vir oordraging van dieresiektes na naburige kommersiële plase, het min aksie ontlok.  Verder is die risiko’s wat rondloperhonde aan motoriste en privaateiendom inhou voor die hand liggend.


Die hofbevel is aan Agri Ooskaap en vier (4) ander aansoekers toegestaan en word daar gehoop dat dit as basis vir onderhandelinge gebruik sal word deurdat Agri Ooskaap se geaffilieerde landbouverenigings in ‘n posisie gestel sal word om met hul onderskeie munisipaltieite te kommunikeer.  Hopelik sal dit verseker om soortgelyke regstellingsplanne binne soortgelyke probleme sonder onnodige regsaksie op te los.  Lees volledige media verklaring deur Agri Ooskaap - AfrikaansEngels. 

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