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Norms & Standards

The Minister of Environmental Affairs has given notice to issue norms and standards for the management of damage causing animals in South Africa.  Member of the public are invited to submit comments by 30 September 2016. Read here.

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EC Provincial Gazette 2016 Hunting Proclamation

Official Gazetted 2016 EC Provincial Hunting Proclamation.

This is an extract of the 52 page document (3676_30-5_ECape) which was downloaded off the Government Printers website, www.gpwonline.co.za.  For some unknown reason the general notice #22 was combined with another proclamation #1, another notice #133 and a local authority notice #47, all of which are irrelevant to our notice.

Next year the dates of the hunting season will run from the 1st of a month to the last day of a month.

This was agreed upon by all participants, of the Stakeholders in the EC Safari Industry Committee (SECSICOM), at a meeting held on 31 May 2016.

Should the EC Provincial Hunting Proclamation, for some unavoidable and unfortunate incident ever be delayed again, the dates in the current years proclamation will remain effective.

Received from Tim de Jongh, EC Dept. Economic Development, Environmental Affairs and Tourism - 082 461 4087

 

 

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National legislation - DCA

NORMS & STANDARDS FOR MANAGEMENT OF PREDATORS

The Minister of Environmental Affairs has given notice to issue norms and standards for the management of damage causing animals in South Africa.  Member of the public are invited to submit comments by 30 September 2016.  Read here

 

Regulatory provisions in terms of Damage Causing Animals (DCA's) as contained in the National Environmental Management:  Biodiversity Act, 2004 (Act No. 10 of 2004) (NEMBA)

Species are listed as threatened or protected in terms of section 56(1) of NEMBA (list attached)

Section 57.       Restricted activities involving listed threatened or protected species and species to which an international agreement regulating international trade applies

(1)     A person may not carry out a restricted activity involving a specimen of a listed threatened or protected species without a permit issued in terms of Chapter 7.

Relevant definitions:

“restricted activity”-

(a)      in relation to a specimen of a listed threatened or protected species, means-

(i)       hunting, catching, capturing or killing any living specimen of a listed threatened or protected species by any means, method or device whatsoever, including searching, pursuing, driving, lying in wait, luring, alluring, discharging a missile or injuring with intent to hunt, catch, capture or kill any such specimen;

(ii)      gathering, collecting or plucking any specimen of a listed threatened or protected species;

(iii)     picking parts of, or cutting, chopping off, uprooting, damaging or destroying, any specimen of a listed threatened or protected species;

(iv)     importing into the Republic, including introducing from the sea, any specimen of a listed threatened or protected species;

(v)      exporting from the Republic, including re-exporting from the Republic, any specimen of a listed threatened or protected species;

(vi)     having in possession or exercising physical control over any specimen of a listed threatened or protected species;

(vii)    growing, breeding or in any other way propagating any specimen of a listed threatened or protected species, or causing it to multiply;

(viii)    conveying, moving or otherwise translocating any specimen of a listed threatened or protected species;

(ix)     selling or otherwise trading in, buying, receiving, giving, donating or accepting as a gift, or in any way acquiring or disposing of any specimen of a listed threatened or protected species; or

(x)      any other prescribed activity which involves a specimen of a listed threatened or protected species; and


“species”
means a kind of animal, plant or other organism that does not normally interbreed with individuals of another kind, and includes any sub-species, cultivar, variety, geographic race, strain, hybrid or geographically separate population;


“specimen”
means-

(a)      any living or dead animal, plant or other organism;

(b)      a seed, egg, gamete or propagule or part of an animal, plant or other organism capable of propagation or reproduction or in any way transferring genetic traits;

(c)      any derivative of any animal, plant or other organism; or

(d)      any goods which-

(i)       contain a derivative of an animal, plant or other organism; or

(ii)      from an accompanying document, from the packaging or mark or label, or from any other indications, appear to be or to contain a derivative of an animal, plant or other organism;

Regulatory provisions relating to DCA's - Threatened or Protected Species (TOPS)

(1)       The provincial department responsible for the conservation of biodiversity in a province, must determine whether an individual of a listed threatened or protected species can be deemed to be a damage causing animal.

(2)       In the case of a damage causing animal originating from a protected area, the following control options must be considered by the provincial department referred to in subregulation (1) or the management authority of a protected area:

(a)       Capture and relocation by the provincial department referred to in subregulation (1) or the management authority of the protected area;

(b)      control by the provincial department referred to in subregulation (1) or the management authority of a protected area by culling or by using methods prescribed in subregulations (4), (5) and (6); or

(c)       control by a person, other than a hunting client, designated in writing, by the provincial department referred to in subregulation (1) or the management authority of the protected area, and in possession of a valid permit to capture and relocate or to control by means of methods prescribed in subregulation (4), (5) and (6).

(3)       Subregulation (1) does not prevent a landowner from killing a damage causing animal in self-defence where human life is threatened. If a damage causing animal is killed in an emergency situation -

(a)       the landowner must inform the relevant issuing authority of the incident within 24 hours after it has taken place; and

(b)      the issuing authority must evaluate the evidence and may condone the action in writing or if necessary, take appropriate steps to institute criminal proceedings.

(4)       The holder of a permit referred to in regulation 5(2)(a) and (c) or a person referred to in subregulation 2(c) may hunt a damage causing animal by any of the following means, as specified on his or her permit:

(a)       poison, which has in terms of applicable legislation, been registered for the purpose of poisoning the species involved and as specified by the issuing authority;

(b)      bait and traps, excluding gin traps, where the damage causing animal is -

(i)        in the immediate vicinity of the carcass of domestic stock or wildlife which it has or apparently has killed;

(ii)       about to cause damage to domestic stock or wildlife;

(c)       dogs, for the purpose of flushing the damage causing animal or tracking a wounded animal;

(d)      darting, for the subsequent translocation of the damage causing animal, and

(e)      a firearm suitable for hunting purposes.

(5)       The holder of a permit referred to in regulation 5(2)(a) and (c) or a person referred to in subregulation 2(c) may hunt a damage causing individual by luring it by means of-

(a)       sounds; or

(b)      smell.

(6)       The holder of a permit referred to in regulation 5(2)(a) and (c) or a person referred to in subregulation 2(c) may hunt a damage causing animal by using a motorised vehicle and flood or spotlights.

(7)       In the case of a damage causing animal originating from an area other than a protected area, the following control options must be considered by the provincial department referred to in subregulation (1):

(a)       Capture and relocation by the provincial department referred to in subregulation (1);

(b)      control by the provincial department referred to in subregulation (1) by using methods prescribed in subregulations (4), (5) and (6); or

(c)       control by a person, other than a hunting client, designated in writing, by the provincial department referred to in subregulation (1), and in possession of a valid permit to capture and relocate or to control by means of methods prescribed in subregulation (4), (5) and (6).

 

 

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East Cape legislation

The following information is summarised notes taken from the Eastern Cape legislation and focuses on the acceptable control methods for specific predators and which methods would require permits in the Eastern Cape.

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EC legislation regarding Dog Hunting Packs & the use of Poison

LEGISLATION REGARDING BLACK-BACKED JACKAL & CARACAL DOG HUNTING PACKS

You may keep a dog pack, there is no restriction safe those of the SPCA, which you can get from them.

However, the Ordinance on Nature and Environmental Conservation, Ordinance 19 of 1974, and Provincial Notice No. 955 of 1975 stipulates the following:

  1. (1) (b)     The MEC may make regulations regulating and restricting the use of dogs in the hunting of any wild animal in any area in respect of which the operation of section 29 (l) has been suspended by proclamation under section 79 (b),

Section 42 of the Regulations (Provincial Notice No. 955 of 1975) state:

No owner of land in an area in which the application of section 29 (l) of the ordinance has been suspended by proclamation under section 79 (b) of the ordinance may permit the use of more than eight dogs over the age of one year and four dogs under the age of one year in any particular hunt on such land.

 

MAY THEY GO ONTO ANY FARM WITHOUT PERMISSION

No they may not!  Ordinance on Nature and Environmental Conservation, Ordinance 19 of 1974 stipulates:

To summarize Section 39 and 40 – you may only hunt on someone else’s property if you have their written permission, which has to be in your possession during the hunt.

 

LEGISLATION REGARDING USING POISON

Extract of the hunting proclamation:

SPECIES & DISTRICT

HUNTING SEASON

DAILY BAG LIMIT

(per person per day)

CONDITIONS & SUSPENSION OF LISTED SECTIONS

Applicable to all districts in the Eastern Cape portion of the former Cape of Good Hope.

 

 

 

Black-backed jackal

(Canis mesomelas)

Caracal

(Caracal caracal)

1 January - 31 December

Unrestricted

Section 29 (a) [poison] - only poison registered specifically for these species may be used, (b) [artificial light] & (e) [night] - note paragraph 2, (d) [trap] - it excludes wire snares & any gin trap without an offset & a set screw, (g) [calibre less than five coma six millimetres], (h) [automatic] & (l) [dog]

Section 33(1) - use of a motor vehicle only

Only poison registered specifically for these species may be used – only 1080 poison collars may be used on livestock to control predators1080 may NOT be extracted from the collar and then used!

Another extract from the hunting proclamation referring to poison:

Rodents (excluding porcupines)

1 January - 31 December

Unrestricted

Section 29 (a) [poison] - ONLY poison registered as a rodenticide under Act No. 36 of 1947 is allowed and may only be used indoors, (b) [artificial light], (d) [trap] - confined only to the use of a cage & excludes any other illegal method such as wire snares & any gin trap, (e) [night] & (g) [calibre less than five coma six millimetres]

Section 29 (a) [poison] - ONLY poison registered as a rodenticide under Act No. 36 of 1947 is allowed and may only be used indoors,

 

 Information supplied by Tim de Jongh, DEDEA East Cape - Tel no (045) 808 4000 (July 2015)

 

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REGULATIONS : TOPS & SPECIES LIST - INVITATION TO PARTICIPATE

Invitation to members of the public to submit written comments/inputs on the republishing of regulations relating to listed Threatened or Protected Species (TOPS) - Part 1 and Part 2 as well as species list on or before 30 April 2015.


Any enquiries in connection with the notice can be directed to:

TOPS Regulations - Mr. Thomas Mbedzi at (012) 399 9605 and comments should be emailed to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

SPECIES LISTS - Ms. Humbu Mafumo at (012) 399 9606 and comments should be emailed to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

For a copy of a comprehensive regulations and species list, visit https://www.environment.gov.za/sites/default/files/legislations/nemba10of2004_topsregulations.pdf

 

 

 

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Vrystaat Probleemdierwetgewing Opsomming

Vrystaatse Ordonnansie op Natuurbewaring, Ordonnansie 8 van 1969.

Lourens Goosen, Biodiversiteit Beheeramptenaar, verantwoordelik vir Beroepsjag en Probleemdierbestuur van Vrystaat Omgewingsake gee 'n opsomming wat die volgende aspekte insluit:
1.  Jag van diere wat skade veroorsaak
2.  Verbode toestelle en jagmetodes
3.  Probleemdierjagters
4.  Opleiding vir die jag van skadeveroorsakende diere

 

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Noordkaap Natuurbewaringswet

Die huidige Noord-Kaap provinsiale wetgewing bestaan uit :

1)            Noordkaap Natuurbewaringswet, Wet 9 van 2009  met spesie indeling soos volg:

Bylae 1 - Spesiaal beskermde spesies

Bylae 2 - Beskermde spesies

Bylae 3 - Gewone inheemse spesies

Bylae 4 - Diersoorte wat skade veroorsaak

Bylae 5 - Troeteldiere

Bylae 6 – Indringerspesies

2)            Noordkaap Natuurbewaringsregulasies & Bylae

ASPEKTE RAKENDE DIE JAG VAN PROBLEEMDIERE:

Dit is belangrik dat die grondeienaar  heel eerste sy bestuurs-en boerderypraktyke objektief ondersoek en waar nodig, werkbare aanpassings maak om  skade en verliese deur probleemdiere te beperk. Waar voortdurende skade daarna steeds voorkom, is die antwoord gewoonlik daarin dat een of meer van verskeie jagmetodes en instrumente vanuit die arsenaal gebruik word en dan wel op die korrekte wyse deur ‘n kundige persoon. Alle moontlike metodes en instrumente moet gebruik word eerder as om uit desperaatheid onveranwoordilik met gif te handel.

JAG METODES EN INSTRUMENTE

Al die verbode Metodes en Instrumente (M&I) vir jag,  is gelys in Artikel 9 van NCNCA 9/2009.

Die Wet maak egter voorsiening vir die gebruik van sekere van hierdie verbode M&I, indien die gebruiker daarvan, vooraf behoorlik opgelei is, en by wyse van’n  permit gemagtig is om onderhewig aan streng gebruiksvoorwaardes, sulke M&I te gebruik vir jag.  Vir probleemdiere soos Rooikat en Rooijakkals maak die wet voorsiening vir die gebruik van sekere verbode jagmetodes en instrumente.

Die wet is so geskryf dat dit jaarliks aangepas kan word d.m.v. die jagproklamasie,  wat dit nie net baie meer gebruikersvriendelik maak nie, maar  ook  baie meer werkbaar vir die Owerheid om skielike aanpassings in veranderde omstandighede te maak.

Dus, die 5 verklaarde probleemdiere in die Noord-Kaap Provinsie (Bylae 4 – Bobbejaan, Blouaap, Bosvark, Rooikat en Rooijakkals) word sekere verbode jagmetodes naamlik die gebruik van (a) ‘n Kunsmatige lig (b) gedurende die nag (c) of met Vanghokke of (d) Slagysters asook (e) Honde en (f) ‘n Voertuig opgehef, dws toegelaat of gemagtig. Dit kan op kort kennisgewing aangepas word by wyse van die proklamasie. Onbeperkte getalle word toegelaat vir jag op hierdie spesies, maar is dit raadsaam om die geldige Jagproklamasie te raadpleeg.

PROBLEEMDIERJAGTERS

Elke persoon wie probleemdiere vir iemand anders jag (met of sonder vergoeding), dws die sogenaamde probleemdierjagters of "Vermin Hunter / Ongediertejagter" soos in die Wet genoem, moet by Noordkaap Natuurbewaring registreer (Sien Artikels 1, 27, en Regulasie 21-25 en 61-66).

PROBLEEMDIEROPLEIDING

Almal wie opleiding verskaf in probleemdierbeheer (ongeag die metode of instrument) moet vooraf goedgekeur en geregistreer word. Soos in die geval van Beroepsjagopleiding, word opleiding vir probleemdierbeheer slegs met 'n permit gemagtig (Natuurlewe Operateurs – Sien Regulasies 21-25)

ALGEMEEN

Artikels 28 - 31 van die Wet stipuleer algemene bepalings wat geld vir probleemdiere.  Byvoorbeeld, die gebruik van gif word nie toelaat nie (Artikels 9 en 20), maar gifhalsbande kan wel onder streng permitbeheer en voorwaardes gebruik word.

NAVRAE VIR OPLEIDING

Navrae oor goedgekeurde kursusse:

Noord-Kaap Provinsie - Department Omgewing en Natuurbewaring

David Paulse, Adjunk Direkteur: Permit Administrasie  - Epos : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Wessel Jacobs, Adjunk Direkteur:  Jag & Wildlewe Industrie  - Epos: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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DCA Protocol Western Cape

Op 19 Junie 2013 het Cape Nature en die Weskaapse PMF ‘n onderneming geteken om die bestuursbeginsels soos ooreengekom tussen genoemde partye, in die DCA Protokol stiptelik na te kom en te implementeer.

Download 3 docs soos aangeheg.

 

PERMIT REQUIREMENTS IN THE WESTERN CAPE 

Jaco van Deventer, Cape Nature informed the PMF Secretariat of permit requirements in the Western Cape.

Cape Nature has the DCA protocol with the PMF Western Cape in place for the management of black backed jackal, caracal and bushpigs.  The detail is spelled out in the protocol as mentioned above.  The protocol is based on the collection of data and the renewal of the permits are subject to that.  For PMF members, permits will be valid for one year in terms of the protocol. 

For non-members, permits will only be issued for "call and shoot" at night and permits will be valid for six months.  It is also based on the collection of data and the renewal of the permit will be subject to that. 

Cape Nature does not implement TOPS in the Western Cape, but they do have an Ordinary TOPS permit for the management of DCA leopards.  Only officials listed on the Ordinary Permit are allowed to manage the leopards.  No permits are issued to landowners or professional hunters, but the officials will assist the landowner should a leopard become a problem. 

Hyena populations does not seem to exist in the Western Cape, but they do get the odd brown hyena moving through.  If a situation arise where such an individual cause problems, Cape Nature will assist the landowner to solve the problem. 

Click here to see what is required for different species

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